Getting Started with Baby Guinea Pigs: Essential Care Tips for New Owners

Guinea Pigs in a Cardboard Box // Healthier Pets Today

Are you getting a baby guinea pig soon but want some care tips? We’ve got just what you need! Here’s a quick guide to what you should know before getting one! The American Cavy Breeders Association recognizes 13 breeds distinguished by their coats. There are many types, ranging from black to cream, with short or long hair and various other characteristics. As a result, it is critical to research the breed you intend to purchase, as their health requirements and temperament may differ. Although many people are unaware of this, guinea pigs are extremely vocal. They produce up to seven distinct sound patterns. Learn how to identify some of them! Whistling may indicate excitement, purring may indicate comfort or irritation, and hissing is unmistakably a sound they make when they are unhappy! Guinea pigs weigh only 100 grams and are highly precocial, meaning that shortly after birth, they have their eyes wide open and the proper motor function to stand up and get moving!

Guinea Pig Care

Close-Up Shot of a Guinea Pig // Healthier Pets Today

Be sure to constantly monitor your guinea pigs and spend some time with them regularly to catch any sudden changes in behavior. Often, animals do not show the signs that they are sick. Hence, if you cannot recognize the expected behavior, it will be hard to tell when they need to be at the hospital. Also, this is the most suitable period to handle or pet your guinea pigs so that they will get used to you. Nevertheless, one should be patient and slow down the process when dealing with these animals. If you’ve never had a guinea pig, you might be astonished to find out that they have two types of fecal matter or poop. Does this appear to you as a weird issue? It’s pretty intriguing. The first is high in nitrogen and is primarily consumed when a poor diet or insufficient food is provided. This enables guinea pigs to recycle valuable elements not used the first time they pass through the intestine. Remember that baby animals want to chew through everything. It would be a good idea to inspect your home from their perspective and ensure that no dangerous objects could harm your pig.

Cage & Bedding for Your Guinea

White and Brown Guinea Pig in Cage // Healthier Pets Today

Guinea pigs frequently develop respiratory issues because they typically live on traditional bedding (paper and wood). Respiratory infections are usually caused by bacterial infections, and symptoms to watch for include fever, depression, nasal discharge, or difficulty breathing. However, you can implement several preventive measures to avoid this in the future. Providing high-quality bedding materials is critical. Try to avoid using pine or cedar wood shavings. This contains a fine powder made of wood shavings and is highly irritating to the respiratory tract. Furthermore, this material can easily contain high levels of bacteria such as Bordetella or Streptococcus, which can cause illness. We recommend GuineaDad Liners, a convenient and healthy guinea pig bedding designed to prevent bacterial infections. To avoid respiratory membrane irritation, the cage must always be kept clean.

Diet for Your Guinea

Water is essential to an animal’s diet and must always be available. Guinea pigs typically do not know how to use sipper tubes, so you must teach them how to use them. You can teach them by tapping the nozzle until the guinea pigs understand and can use it to drink water.

In the first few months of your piggy’s life, start with the new foods and then gradually introduce them to new foods. This will thus make them able to adjust to different diets in the future and at the same time, to diversify and enhance their nutrition without experiencing stomach problems. Recall that a healthy and well-controlled diet is the most effective way to avoid disease. Hay is a vital part of guinea pig nutrition. Hay is yet another substance used for guinea pigs, and unlike hay, they can eat it as much as they want. Guineas need a lot of hay to ensure they can get it anytime. The quality fresh hay, fiber, and nutrients given to the guinea pigs prevent digestive problems while promoting dental health. For guinea pigs under 6 months old, try supplementing with alfalfa hay to help them grow. Guinea pigs should eat an unlimited amount of hay, about 1 cup of vegetables per day, and 1/8 cup of pellets per day (fortified with vitamin C if the vegetables provided are insufficient). 

Medical Care for Your Guinea

Baby Guinea Pig, Close Up Photo of Guinea Pig // Healthier Pets Today

Find and visit an exotic veterinarian at least once a year to ensure their guinea pig’s health. Guinea pigs are usually purchased or adopted after one month of age. Why is this happening? The first month is spent learning to socialize with members of their species. They are taught to play, to recognize when another guinea pig is upset, to form social bonds, and to eat properly. This is an excellent time for a new owner to become involved with the guinea pig’s life.

Bonding With Your Baby Guinea Pig

Your guinea pigs must not only get on well with one another, but you must also have a strong human connection with them. Some cavies are naturally bold and outgoing, while others are more timid and sequestered. You’ll recognize their personalities as you spend more time in their company. However, you may earn their confidence and level even the most frightened guinea pigs with enough time and effort. Guinea pigs like food. Find a tasty treat and feed it to them while they are cuddling on your lap. If they are nervous, keep the cuddling short but frequent, and their trust in you and, in some cases, the delicious food you always have! will grow. Speak to them using quiet words gently, and use their name; you may be surprised to find that they have started to learn their names! Most importantly, persevere, handle your guinea pigs frequently, and show them lots of love and affection; they will begin to love you, too!


Close-Up Shot of a Guinea Pig Having a Bath // Healthier Pets Today

If you have decided to become the parent of a baby guinea pig. In that case, you must consider and respect all the factors of their upbringing, from cage and bedding maintenance to diet and supplies and the need for veterinary assistance. I hope this article has been of use and help to everyone. And now, with these considerations in mind, you can meet your new furry friend.


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