Rabies is a fatal disease to animals. It may spread to people and pets if they are bitten or scratched by an animal with the rabies virus. Rabies is mostly found in wild animals. However, there are various countries, dogs still carry rabies, and where rabies causes death!
This virus infects the CNS (Central Nervous System). Rabies can be prevented by vaccinating yourself and your pets, staying away from wildlife, and seeking medical care after exposure before symptoms start.
The Rabies virus is transmitted through any direct contact with the saliva of an animal that is infected with rabies.
Individuals usually get rabies from the bite of an animal with the virus. Although it is rare, it is also possible for people to get rabies from non-bite exposures.
Which can include:
- Open wounds exposed to saliva or other potentially infectious material from a rabid animal.
- Petting a rabid animal
- Contact with the blood of the animal
- The Urine, as well as the feces of an infected animal, is generally not associated with any risk for infection and is not considered to be an exposure of concern for rabies.
Symptoms You Should Know About:
Later signs and symptoms may include:
- A very high Fever
- Extreme Headaches
- Difficulty swallowing
- Excessive salivation
- Fear that is brought on by air being blown on the face
- Muscle spasms
- Tingling at the site of the wound
- Partial paralysis
Rabies symptoms can show in a few days or even months; once you have the virus and you’re showing symptoms, it is very hard to treat and fatal almost every time, so it is very important to get treated immediately if you think you have been exposed to the rabies virus.
The rabies virus causes an infection. The virus is known to spread through the saliva of any infected animals. Infected animals are able to spread the virus by biting another animal or a person. Rabies will spread when infected saliva gets into an open wound or the mouth or eyes.
Animals that can Transmit the Virus
Any mammal can spread the virus:
Any type of mammal, whether they live in the wild in your yard or even on a farm if they come into contact with an animal with rabies, will get it and spread it to any person or animal that comes close to it.
Factors that can tighten your risk:
- Traveling or living in invested countries
- Activities that are very likely to put you in contact with wild animals that may have rabies
- Working as or with a veterinarian
- Working in a laboratory studying the rabies virus.
- Wounds found at the head or neck may increase how fast the rabies virus travels to your brain.
When your pet has gone to the vet for a rabies diagnosis, they will have to euthanize your pet because you cannot take him or her home. There is no cure for rabies. Maybe one day they will develop a cure for it but for now, there is no cure. Once they euthanize your pet, they will then take some tissue samples from your pet’s brain and send it to a lab for various testing, and your results will come back between one or three days from the time your pet has been euthanized.
To reduce the possible risk of coming in contact with rabid animals:
- Vaccinate all your animals.
- Do not keep wild animals as pets. They are meant to be in the wild for a reason, not in your backyard or in a pet store.
- Keep your pets confined in the house or in your yard so they cannot get out and come into contact with other animals.
- Do not leave food outside. It can attract other animals if you take your pet’s food outside. Make sure you put it where you can see it and then bring it in at night when you bring your pet inside.
- Eliminate and reduce the source of rabies
- Protect small pets from predators.
- Report stray animals to local authorities so that they can find their homes or go back to the wild.
- Don’t approach wild animals. They will attack or harm you if you approach them. They are wild for a reason.
- Don’t approach animals you don’t know. Personally, they can harm you.
- Chase stray cats away from your home or call animal control.
If you work as a veterinarian or at a veterinarian clinic; or work in a lab with the rabies virus, it is best to get the rabies vaccine to protect yourself from the virus. Anything can happen in the lab; your glove can tear, or you can cut yourself by mistake and get the virus. Your vaccine will fight off the virus as soon as it enters your body.
There are cases where people experience headaches, nausea, abdominal pain, and dizziness, but that’s because they are allergic to the vaccine. Before getting any type of vaccine, you should test yourself for any allergy to the medicines used in the vaccines before you end up in the hospital for an allergic reaction.
Your doctor will look for antibodies to the rabies virus in samples of your saliva, if your doctor sees antibodies, it will indicate an infection, and you will get the help you need.
Everything You Need to Know!
It is important for you to seek immediate medical care if you’re bitten by any type of animal or exposed to an animal that has rabies or any other type of disease. You and your doctor will have to decide whether you should receive treatment to prevent rabies or not.
If you aren’t sure whether you’ve been bitten or your wounds did not come in contact with an animal’s saliva, go to the doctor to be examined so that he or she can help you so you don’t get sick and end up in the hospital and after the doctor give you a check-up you will either be asked to be vaccinated, or you will receive medication for it.